Safe and eco-friendly materials for building
Today`s buyers have begun to pay more attention to the elements of selling houses to new modern building techniques. People begin to build a country house, now known procedure prices, and tend to have very strong earnings. They build a house for a long time and seriously, and therefore the main trend in the construction and finishing houses - is the use of expensive, reliable and environmentally friendly materials.
First place in popularity among building materials is brick. She is one of the most common materials traditionally used in the construction of buildings and structures in Ukraine. 48.3% are building owners and home buyers with this material. The main advantages that distinguish houses and cottages of brick - strength and durability. Today, the cottage of brick - an example of the most reliable investments in suburban real estate. Since the walls are the same in this case is proof of solidity, liquidity and attractiveness of the building.
So, according to statistics from sales of country houses in the first place, still kept houses with bricks.
The second position was won natural attraction suburban developers the tree (and there are about 21%). Since modern architecture changes occurred not only due to the emergence of functional and compositional solutions, but also on the basis of previously known materials in new capacity, including wood, thanks to the introduction of new processing technologies, natural origin of the material finally successfully combined with the practical side of the issue.
The third place took home a block (foam and concrete) homes built by Frame (Canadian) technology, which is 18.7% of the total number of private buildings. However, this technology is popular not because of quality, practical and environmental benefits for future residents, but because of the lower cost for the developer compared to other materials.
Building homes with stone or monolith prefer 7.8% developers. A significant advantage of building houses of stone, there are many options facade: wall - decorative stone, bricks, tiles made of natural or synthetic materials, plaster of different colors and textures, stucco decorations, etc. Architecture of buildings is particularly expressive, diverse forms - from classical to avant-garde round house.
Environmentally the wooden housing and fire resistance, durability and architectural expressiveness of clay - is the best combination of combined houses. It all depends on the purpose of the room. Typically, the sleeping area is located in top wooden yaniy of the house, and the first floor can be finished with brick cladding, natural or artificial stone, plaster. The demand for homes combined is now 4.2%.
Structure of demand depending on the materials.
So the achievements and further development of the construction market today allows to implement the most ambitious architectural plans.
What is it your dream house?
Neat and stylish, reliable and comfortable ...
If so, then the only right choice for building material.
What is better: wood, brick, and other modern innovations construction industry?
Since it is the wall:
- Protect the interior from cold, heat, flushing, atmospheric
precipitation and noise greatly contribute to keeping comfortable microclimate;
- Carry the load from the ceiling and the roof and transmit it to the foundation;
- Adorns the house -
that`s why wall material should be:
Construction - costly process and it is not surprising that the developer picky in finding reliable material.
And not to get into a situation where the avaricious pays twice, you should know that it is possible to lose an important saving.
It has long been believed that the most comfortable person feels in a house whose walls are made of wood, the most environmentally friendly material. This house in winter - warms up quickly in the summer - protects from heat, high humidity - absorbing water vapor, and if air dry - it refreshes, "giving" their moisture. However, the high sensitivity to moisture content causes permanent deformation and cracks in wooden beams. To address this shortcoming, incorporate technology that provides pre-drying wood in special chambers and processing various protective substances that significantly increase cost of the construction.
Particular attention should be paid to prevent damage from wood rot and mold. Wood should be treated with special chemicals that protect against germs and strengthen fire protection, the tree most flammable building material. It is clear that such substances do not improve the sustainability of housing. Contrary to stereotypes, wooden house - not cheap and is more related to gentrification.
Ceramic brick from natural environmentally friendly raw materials - clay, by firing in kilns. Through the influence of ultra-high temperatures in the process of firing, all the existing components of the charge spikayutsya and voids are sealed, providing ceramic bricks minimal porosity and moisture and the highest strength (clinker to 500 khsm ²) compared to other wall materials.
The unique natural material - ceramics has mikrokapilyarnu structure, so the walls can "breathe", creating a comfortable environment for residents. In terms of luxury accommodation, houses built of ceramics, are on the 2-gies position, behind only clean wood.
The walls of ceramic bricks aesthetic, durable, very well maintained load. When properly executed masonry ceramic bricks lifetime of over 100 years without losing the visual appeal and does not require additional processing and ceramic brick paving generally has unlimited life, its rate of frost is about 500 cycles. Houses with ceramic bricks belong to those who can pass quite a legacy for several generations at least 100-150 years, making only small repairs. Ceramic brick masonry is used for exterior and interior walls of buildings, for lining, interior renovations. The small size of bricks and diversity of shapes, colors, textures front surface, allow to build complex wall configurations teach decorative elements of the facade. Allowed the use of this material for furnishing foundations and basement. With fire bricks from the wall it can line up tightly to furnaces and fireplaces, inside brick walls can be constructed smoke and ventilation ducts. Elite today is paving ceramic brick that its quality surpasses any wall material that exists in the market, is used for cladding buildings.
With high durability, strength and frost resistance (especially clay bricks), good thermal insulation (especially - in the hollow brick) and the beautiful appearance (facing in and clinker) Ceramic brick is the most common at this time of wall construction materials.
New to the Ukrainian market and a very promising material for walls, ceramic blocks, made from natural materials - clay. In order to obtain porous structure in the production process to the clay mass add chopped wood chips or other organic components that burn for heat treatment, forming a large number of closed mikropustot. In ceramic blocks extremely high insulating properties. This is the only ceramic wall material that allows muruvaty walls of houses thickness 38-64 cm without additional insulation, while it is great for Plastering taxation or facing bricks. Ceramic blocks economically advantageous than normal bricks. With its light weight, they can be used during the construction of the simplified design of the foundation that allows saving money and time. This ceramic block is stable and the strength of normal brick. Structure of ceramic blocks to achieve a balanced combination of low thermal conductivity and high strength ("Marks"). Block simpler in the technology stack, which can reduce construction time by 3-5 times. Velykohabarytnist block and no butt joints makes it possible to reduce the cost of the solution by 3-4 times.
Silicate bricks in terms of comfort of living, in terms of insulation and frost significantly inferior Brick, but has a lower cost. Silicate Bricks used for masonry bearing walls and different partitions, but forbidden to use it during the laying of the foundation, put the furnace, fireplaces, pipes, basement, etc.. Silica brick has a high water absorption, so it is better to apply for construction in areas with low humidity, as well as a decoration in the walls of fired red brick.
FOAM CONCRETE (POROUS CONCRETE)
In terms of strength and frost resistance, foam behind the brick and ceramic blocks. Sound insulating properties of concrete high owing to the large number of closed air pores (75-85% of volume), but to provide the optimum level of insulation, the wall must be additionally protected from blowing, to outward processing or brick veneer at the same time strengthening the structure. Due to the high rate of water absorption, the walls of foam and require protection from moisture.
Large size and light weight foam blocks simplify and accelerate the construction and installation work, besides foam easily processed.
The ability to make the material on site is a plus, but has significant deficiencies in quality characteristics: the loss of the original volume and shrinkage during drying. Low formwork strength leads to a large percentage of rejections at work (warehousing, manufacturing, transportation), which affects the cost of the produced material.
Due to its low thermal conductivity, aerated concrete well provides thermal protection at home, and due to the high porosity (80%) rate the strength of this material is rather low.
Over time there is a change in aerated concrete material properties and then the water absorption rate can increase from 8% to 20%, that is, the material has a tendency to accumulation of moisture in the body wall.
House built with the usage of thermal concrete not let the outside nor heat nor cold, but also not "breathe", blocking the free transfer of water vapor accumulated inside, outside, (termooseli some call "Thermos") because of forced circulation and air conditioning, it is required ones.Thermal concrete has low acoustic properties, although the heat rates higher than concrete or brick. Over time there is a change in termobetonah porous structure observed flow structure-and sometimes destructive processes and as a result - change the material properties. Strength of thermal concrete has the lowest rate among the other wall materials. Thermal concrete walls require additional interior and exterior.
Limestone is a natural material that is mined in career Jerah without requiring high-tech process that reduces its value. Features of the structure and components of limestone material provide a sufficiently high compressive resistance, but over time it is subjected to corrosion. Index porosity 60% provides good heat and sound insulation material. Limestone has a uniform color tone and structure, easily cutting, refacing and diverse processing.
In this article we do not submit a complete list of existing building market building materials because of their diversity is defined as a significant number. We talked about timber and bricks as the most traditional members of homebuilding, and briefly introduced you to the properties of building materials, which appeared on the Ukrainian market lately.
What building material you choose for your home, you decide, and before you start building, you should get expert advice from a specialist because each case must reflect not only on your personal preferences, but also take into account the landscape and climatic features of the region.